Isaac

Son of the aged Sarah and Abraham; born in accordance with the promise to Abraham of an eternal covenant (Gen. 17:15–21). Abraham's faith was put to the test when he was ordered to sacrifice this instrument of the promise. In surviving the test by his obedience, Abraham recognized that God's promise was a sheer gift [[➝ gifts]], not something to be possessed by legal entitlement. Isaac was spared at the last moment of the intended sacrifice by divine intervention, and a ram substituted for the lad. Some expositors have interpreted the narrative as a tale to define Israel's repudiation of pagan child sacrifice or as a stage in the evolution of religion. Paul treats the remarkable birth of Isaac in fulfilment of God's promise as paralleled by the choosing of the Galatians as children of the promise; it is given to those who have faith, without regard to their physical descent (Gal. 4:28). The epistle to the Hebrews (11:19) hints at the release of Isaac for the sacrifice as a ‘type’ of the resurrection of Christ, but it is not until the so-called epistle of Barnabas 7 at the end of the 1st cent. (and not in the NT) that the sacrifice of Isaac is used to prefigure Jesus' sacrifice on the cross. It then became a theme for many great artists, as in a mosaic of the 6th cent. in Ravenna. In Judaism the sacrifice of Isaac, called the aqedah (‘binding’), almost paralleled the significance of the crucifixion of Jesus in Christianity.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • ISAAC — (Heb. יִשְׂחָק ,יִצְחָק), son of abraham and sarah , second of the patriarchs of the people of Israel. Isaac was born when Abraham was 100 years old (Gen. 21:5) and Sarah 90 (17:17), exactly a quarter of a century after the family had migrated… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac II — Ange Monnaie d Isaac II Ange Isaac II Ange (° 1155 † 1204) est un empereur byzantin (1185 1195 et 1203 1204), fils d’Andronic Ange et d’Euphrosyne Kastamonides. C’est un arrière petit fils d’Alexis Ier Comnène …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISAAC — (middle of the second century), tanna. He is not mentioned in the Mishnah but is often cited in beraitot, especially those dealing with halakhic exegesis in the Talmuds, and in the halakhic Midrashim of the school of R. Ishmael: Mekhilta, Sifrei… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac — • The son of Abraham and Sara Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Isaac     Isaac     † Catholi …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • ISAAC — Deuxième personnage de l’histoire patriarcale et de la généalogie qui la sous tend, Isaac se situe comme fils d’Abraham et père de Jacob. «Isaac» est un nom théophore (dont l’élément divin se trouve absent: Yischaq, «que [Dieu] rie», ou «[Dieu] a …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ISAAC (H.) — ISAAC ou ISAAK HEINRICH (1450 env. 1517) Organiste et compositeur qui se disait originaire des Flandres et qu’on peut rattacher au courant dit franco flamand tel qu’il se manifesta en Italie. Isaac mourut à Florence, où Laurent de Médicis l’avait …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ISAAC (J.) — ISAAC JORGE (1837 1895) De père israélite, l’écrivain colombien Jorge Isaac est resté marqué par le décor de son enfance, la vallée du Cauca où était établie l’hacienda paternelle. Appartenant au groupe du Mosaico qui désigne à la fois une revue… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ISAAC — may refer to:*ISAAC (cipher), a pseudorandom number generator *ISAAC (comics), a supercomputer in Marvel Comics …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac — Isaac,   Yzaac [ iz ], Heinrich, flämischer Komponist, * in den Niederlanden um 1450, ✝ Florenz 26. 3. 1517; wurde bald nach 1480 von Lorenzo I. de Medici als Organist (an San Giovanni und Santa Maria del Fiore) nach Florenz berufen. Nach dem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Isaac — m Biblical name, borne by the son of Abraham, who was about to be sacrificed by his father according to a command of God which was changed at the last moment. A ram, caught in a nearby thicket, was sacrificed instead (Genesis 22: 1–13). Isaac… …   First names dictionary

  • Isaac — C est en Normandie (76) que le nom est de très loin le plus répandu. On le rencontre aussi dans le Pas de Calais et en Guadeloupe. Il correspond au prénom biblique porté par le second fils d Abraham. Il signifie en hébreu il rira (yiSHaq), et a… …   Noms de famille

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